brain

Neuroimages, artificial intelligence & re-identification of research subjects

Taking images of the brain using magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI for short, also captures the face. For a long time, techniques that remove facial features from neuroimages have allowed for open sharing of anonymised neuroimages. But new developments in artificial intelligence and machine learning have made it possible to re-create the removed facial features…

Designing a responsible neuroscience research infrastructure

Over the past 8 years, the Human Brain Project (HBP) has tested the strengths and limitations of responsible research & innovation, also known as RRI. To mark the ten-year anniversary of RRI, a group of HBP researchers now share what can be learned from implementing this concept in a large multi-disciplinary research project. This includes…

child eye

Can you be cloned?

Why can we feel metaphysical nausea at the thought of cloned humans? I guess it has to do with how we, without giving ourselves sufficient time to reflect, are captivated by a simple image of individuality and cloning. The image then controls our thinking. We may imagine that cloning consists in multiplying our unique individuality in the…

neurons

Culturally shaping developing minds

Are we socially steering evolution by influencing the cultural imprints to be stored in our brains? Recent neuroscientific findings would say so. In a recent paper, Kathinka Evers discusses the potential of being ‘epigenetically proactive’ and adapting our social structures to benefit brain development. Our nervous systems develop in continuous interaction with their immediate physical…

brain

Space, time: bridging the epistemic gap of brain & mind

How do we become ourselves? How does neuronal activity turn into consciousness and the self? One of nature’s great scientific mysteries is the ‘common currency’ of brain and mind. Georg Northoff, Soren Wainio-Theberge and Kathinka Evers suggest looking for a ‘Spatiotemporal Neuroscience’ to dissolve the brain-mind puzzle. Until now, researchers investigating how neural activity turns…

Diversity in research: why do we need it?

Scientific discovery is based on the novelty of the questions you ask. This means that if you want to discover something new, you probably have to ask a different question. And since different people have different preconceptions and experiences than you, they are likely to formulate their questions differently. This makes a case for diversity…

The first international standard for responsible innovation in neurotechnology

How to ensure that societal benefits of neurotechnology are maximised and risks minimised? In December 2019, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) adopted the Recommendation on Responsible Innovation in Neurotechnology that provides some guidance in this respect. This is the first international standard in this domain and it aims to guide governments and…

Same, Same, or Different? New Insights with Diversity and Ethics

Juliana Nnadi The 3rd Human Brain Project (HBP) Curriculum workshop ‘Same, Same, or Different? Neuroscience, Robotics, AI and Medical Informatics: New Insights with Diversity and Ethics’ took place at the Graz University of Technology (Austria), from 26th to 27th September 2019. The two days’ workshop showcased not only the interdisciplinary nature of HBP, but also…

Responsible Data Governance of Big Neuroscience Data

William Knight Recent paper from the Human Brain Project’s (HBP) Ethics Support team members Responsible Data Governance of Big Neuroscience Data is an attempt to conceptualise an approach to data governance which implements the tenets of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) into data governance processes within international neuroscience. This paper emerges from a great deal…

Preparing for Global Public Engagement with Neuroethics

Why and how should we engage the public with neuroscience? What are the common global questions for the public engagement in neuroethics and what are national and regional differences? These were some of the questions addressed at the Global Neuroethics engagement workshop that took place 19-21 May in Uppsala, Sweden. This workshop brought together more…